George Orwell's dystopian masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four is perhaps the most pervasively influential book of the twentieth century, making famous Big Brother, newspeak and Room 101.
'Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past'
away in the Record Department of the sprawling Ministry of Truth,
Winston Smith skilfully rewrites the past to suit the needs of the
Party. Yet he inwardly rebels against the totalitarian world he lives
in, which demands absolute obedience and controls him through the
all-seeing telescreens and the watchful eye of Big Brother, symbolic
head of the Party. In his longing for truth and liberty, Smith begins a
secret love affair with a fellow-worker Julia, but soon discovers the
true price of freedom is betrayal.
Eric Arthur Blair
(1903-1950), better known by his pen-name, George Orwell, was born in
India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. An author and
journalist, Orwell was one of the most prominent and influential figures
in twentieth-century literature. His unique political allegory Animal Farm was published in 1945, and it was this novel, together with the dystopia of Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), which brought him world-wide fame.